Stroke

Monmouth Medical Center is a Certified Stroke Center, which delivers immediate and comprehensive emergency care and the most effective treatments and therapies for stroke and stroke rehabilitation in the region. Our neurologists have extensive expertise in stroke care and utilize state-of-the-art diagnostic technologies and the world-class stroke protocols to help minimize stroke damage, and preserve brain function.

Stroke: A Brain Attack

When a blood vessel that supplies blood to the brain is blocked by a clot, or bursts or leaks, the result is a stroke. The nerve cells in the affected area of the brain begin to die within an hour of the stroke, resulting in a damaged area of the brain that may no longer be able to control part of the body.

Stroke can cause coma or death, as well as temporary or permanent deficits including vision loss, inability to speak, decreased cognitive abilities, and disability or paralysis of various parts of the body. It is the third-leading cause of death in the United States and is the number one cause of serious, long-term disability.

The effects of a stroke depend on several factors, including the location of the damaged cells in the brain, the amount of brain tissue that is affected, and the length of time the affected area was without blood flow.

Common Symptoms of Stroke

Stroke symptoms can include sudden numbness or weakness of one side of the face and/or body, trouble speaking or understanding, dizziness, loss of balance, inability to walk or sudden onset of a severe unusual headache. Anyone having stroke symptoms must get immediate emergency care, so that fewer brain cells are damaged.

At Monmouth Medical Center, comprehensive stroke treatment is delivered by a team of neurologists and other specialists.

Types of Stroke

Transient ischemic attacks (TIAs) or mini-strokes sometimes occur before a person has a full-blown stroke. Symptoms of TIAs are similar. However, unlike stroke symptoms, TIA symptoms often disappear within 10 to 20 minutes. TIAs are warning signals of potential stroke, and should be treated as an emergency.

Ischemic strokes are caused by a blocked or narrowed artery. They can be the result of a number of factors, ranging from hardening of the arteries, blood-clotting disorders, heart attack, inflammation of blood vessels, heart valve problems, or even an irregular heartbeat. Other causes include a bleed in the brain (arteriovenous malformation) or a ruptured cerebral aneurysm.

Hemorrhagic strokes are caused by sudden bleeding inside the brain (cerebral hemorrhage) or around the brain (subarachnoid hemorrhage). High blood pressure is often a factor.

Diagnosing Stroke
MRI or CT scans help to determine whether the stroke was caused by a clot or from bleeding inside the brain. Neurologists may order additional tests if disease or narrowing of the carotid arteries is suspected. These may include:

  • Carotid Artery Ultrasound
  • Magnetic Resonance Angiography
  • Carotid Arteriography
  • Heart Imaging Studies (Chest X-ray, ECG or EKG, echocardiograph or others)
  • Laboratory tests to check for clotting factors and other conditions

To make an appointment for stroke care services, please call 1-888-724-7123.

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