Our System's Medical Centers are dedicated to the treatment of complications
from diabetes as well as educating patients in order to help individuals
manage their diabetes. Every person with diabetes needs education in order
to take an active and positive role in his or her diabetes treatment plan.
The person with diabetes and those who care for and about them are an
integral part of the diabetes team. Diabetes education must be convenient,
interactive and available to all. In addition, we provide access to support
groups, including general support groups and insulin pump support groups.
Our goal is to provide effective outpatient care and education to keep
diabetes patients out of the hospital. However, when hospitalization becomes
necessary or when a diabetic patient is admitted for another condition,
we are equiped to treat patients with a comprehensive care approach. Our
inpatient treatment centers include staff with experience and expertise
in diabetes managment.
What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic disease in which the body has trouble regulating
blood sugar. The two most common types of diabetes are type 1 and type
2. Both forms result from the body's inability to either produce or
use insulin. A third type, gestational diabetes, occurs only during pregnancy
and may lead to type 2 diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes is caused when the cells in the pancreas (called beta islet
cells) that produce insulin are destroyed. Although type 1 diabetes can
occur at any age, it is usually diagnosed in children and young adults.
Genetic, autoimmune, and environmental factors are considered risk factors
for type 1 diabetes. Currently, there is no known way to prevent type
Type 2 diabetes affects about nine out of 10 people with diabetes. In type
2 diabetes, the pancreas either does not produce enough insulin, or the
body becomes less and less efficient at getting insulin to move glucose
into the cells (insulin resistance). You can inherit the potential for
type 2 diabetes, but whether you actually develop it may depend on a number
of environmental factors, such as poor eating habits and lack of exercise.
Other risk factors include older age and history of gestational diabetes.
Race and ethnicity can also influence the occurrence of type 2 diabetes.
African-Americans, Hispanic Americans, American Indians, and Native Hawaiians
are at a particularly high risk of developing type 2 diabetes and its
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