NEWARK, NJ (June 13, 2017) - The long, hot days of summer can bring dangerously high temperatures,which
are oftentimes associated with varying degrees of heat-related illness
Dr. Eric J. Wasserman, MD, FACEP, Chairman and Medical Director of the Emergency Room at Newark Beth Israel
Medical Center has a few tips on staying cool, safe and healthy when the
weather heats up:
- Remain indoors, preferably in an air conditioned environment, as much as
possible when temperatures rise. Be sure to check on those who may not
have air conditioning in their homes, in particular, the very young, old
or those with chronic medical conditions.
- Wear loose-fitting, breathable, lightweight and light-colored clothing
that keeps away moisture and reflects rather than absorbs the sun’s rays.
- Hats, sunglasses and sunscreen are a must when venturing outdoors under
- Slow down and avoid strenuous exercise during the hottest part of the day.
If you must work outside, take frequent breaks in the shade and work with
a partner. STOP and retreat indoors to a cooler environment at the first
sign of weakness, dizziness, nausea or pain.
- HYDRATE! Drink plenty of water or electrolyte containing solutions throughout
the day. Avoid drinks containing caffeine or alcohol which may contribute
- Never leave children or pets inside parked vehicles as extreme temperatures
≥ 120 degrees Fahrenheit can result in deadly consequences.
Heat-related emergencies range from mild and reversible heat cramps to
more serious conditions such as heat exhaustion and life-threatening heat stroke.
Immediately relocate anyone suffering from these to a cooler location,
loosen clothing and begin replenishing fluids. Active cooling with wet
cloths, spray bottles and fans can help reduce body temperatures to a
safe range and reverse symptoms.
The hallmark symptom of heat stroke is a core body temperature above 104
degrees Fahrenheit. But fainting may be the first sign.
Call 911 immediately for those suffering from severe heat exhaustion or
Other symptoms of heat stroke may include:
- Throbbing headache
- Dizziness and feeling light-headed
- Lack of sweating
- Red, hot, and dry skin
- Muscle weakness or cramps
- Nausea and vomiting
- Rapid heartbeat
- Rapid, shallow breathing
- Behavioral changes such as confusion, disorientation, or staggering
Preventing heat-related illness and injury in the first place with careful
planning and preparation BEFORE heading outdoors is the key to staying
safe when temperatures rise. Have a wonderful summer!
Newark Beth Israel Medical Center is a 665-bed regional care teaching hospital that provides comprehensive
health care. Newark Beth Israel is home to one of the nation’s top
ten heart transplant centers, Barnabas Health’s Heart Failure Treatment
and Transplant Program; New Jersey’s only Advanced Lung Disease
and Transplant Program and a Valve Center that performs more cardiac valve
procedures, including minimally invasive transcatheter aortic valve replacements
(TAVRs), than any other center in the state. The Newark Beth Israel robotic
surgery program is the most experienced in northern New Jersey. The Frederick
B. Cohen, MD, Cancer and Blood Disorders Center and the new Healthcare
Foundation of New Jersey Breast Health Center provide seamless integration
of cancer prevention, specialized care and treatment options. Newark Beth
Israel also offers many preventive health programs that promote wellness
in the community.
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