Genetic Services for Cancer Diagnosis: When, Where, How
If cancer runs in your family, when do you need genetic services?
There are many features that can be present in a family that would indicate
a referral is needed for genetic services. The following is a general
(partial) checklist of characteristics that may indicate an increased
risk of familial cancer or a heritable cancer syndrome. The symptoms of
genetic diseases may resemble other conditions or medical problems. Always
consult your doctor for a diagnosis and a complete list of characteristics:
- A family history of multiple cases of the same or related types of cancer
- One or more relatives with rare cancers
- Cancers occurring at an earlier age of onset than usual (for instance,
under the age of 50 years) in at least one family member
- Bilateral cancers (two cancers that develop independently in a paired organ,
for example, both kidneys or both breasts)
- One or more family members with two primary cancers (two original tumors
that develop in different sites)
- Ashkenazi (Eastern European) Jewish background
For additional information on Genetic Counseling, please visit these facilities:
Leon Hess Cancer Center at Monmouth Medical Center
The Cancer Centers at Saint Barnabas Medical Center
The J. Phillip Citta Regional Cancer Center at Community Medical Center
How genetic services can help
Genetic services can provide the following:
- Information about the significance of your family history in terms of your
risk of developing cancer and the chance that you have a cancer genetic syndrome.
- A diagnosis of a cancer genetic syndrome by physical examination and/or
genetic laboratory testing.
- Details about the availability of genetic testing for cancer risk and the
pros and cons of such testing.
- Information about how or why a cancer genetic syndrome occurred (in most cases).
- Details about the chance for the cancer genetic syndrome to reoccur in
the family and individual relatives’ chance of having and passing
on a mutation in a cancer susceptibility gene.
- Recommendations for the management and treatment of the cancer genetic syndrome.
- Support groups for the cancer genetic syndrome.
- Connections to other families who have a similar, or the same, disorder.