Minimally Invasive Valve Surgery
Minimally Invasive Valve Treatment
In some patients undergoing valve surgery, the standard sternal splitting incision seen in Figure 5 can be can be replaced with
a minimally invasive incision only three to four inches long
(Fig. 6 a, 6 b). This allows for a faster recovery and
a more satisfying cosmetic result.
Many valve procedures can be performed through a series of small incisions made between the ribs. Minimally invasive surgical approaches to valve repair and replacement offer lower rates of complication, less pain, quicker recovery and a shorter hospital stay. The small scar, often times only three to four inches long, is often completely hidden and many patients can return to normal activities within two weeks. Cardiothoracic surgeons at the Barnabas Health Heart Centers perform minimally invasive procedures whenever possible.
Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement (TAVR)
People with severe aortic stenosis who are not candidates for aortic valve surgery may be eligible for transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). This catheter-based procedure places a new valve into the body without open heart surgery and while the heart continues to beat. This treatment can significantly increase the quality of life for some patients. The patient’s cardiologist confers with the Valve Center team of interventional cardiologists, cardiac surgeons and cardiac anesthesiologists to determine the best course of treatment. Read more
Stented Pulmonary Valve Implantation
The catheter-based stented pulmonary valve procedure allows adults and children to undergo a much less invasive procedure that improves the flow of blood from the heart to the lungs. In children born with certain kinds of heart defects, the blood vessel leading from the heart to the lungs and the valve, known as a conduit, are surgically constructed early in the child’s life. These conduits can have a limited lifespan and typically require repair or replacement as the patients grows. This device allows physicians to replace the pulmonary valve in the conduit without the risks associated with open heart surgery. Once deployed, the valve begins to function immediately and the patient can resume normal activities within a few days.
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