What is Home Care?
The range of home health care services a patient can receive at home is
limitless. Depending on the individual patient's situation, care can
range from nursing care to specialized medical services. Home Care may
be an option for patients who are returning home after a surgery or other
hospital stay, or who are returning home after being in a rehabilitation
facility. Home Care may also be an option for those patients who are disabled
or chronically ill and need monitoring, treatment, or help with daily
activities. RWJBarnabas Health offers home care to patients with a wide
range of conditions. In addition, we offer specialized services for those
returning home after cardiac surgery or in-patient care, joint replacement
surgery, and stroke.
A wide range of services are provided by home care professionals, including
medical services, nursing care, social services, rehabilitative treatment,
or help with everyday activities. The most common form of home health
care is some type of nursing care depending on the person's needs.
In consultation with the doctor, a registered nurse will set up a plan
of care. Nursing care may include wound dressing, ostomy care, intravenous
therapy, administering medication, monitoring the general health of the
patient, pain control, and other health support. Some patients may need
help relearning how to perform daily duties or improve their speech after
an illness or injury. A physical therapist can put together a plan of
care to help a patient regain or strengthen use of muscles and joints.
An occupational therapist can help a patient with physical, developmental,
social, or emotional disabilities relearn how to perform such daily functions
as eating, bathing, dressing, and more. A speech therapist can help a
patient with impaired speech regain the ability to communicate clearly.
What is Hospice?
Hospice is a special concept of care designed to provide comfort and support
to patients and their families when a life-limiting illness no longer
responds to cure-oriented treatment. The term "hospice" once
described a way station for pilgrims journeying to the Holy Land. Today,
hospice care is based on the philosophy of providing emotional, spiritual,
physical support, and comfort to people in the final phases of life, usually
in the last six months. Hospice care is delivered in the patient's
primary residence, either the home or nursing home, and provides in-patient
care on a short-term basis to address symptom management.
The goal of hospice is to provide comfort and care, not "cure"
the illness or disease, like home health care. Pain and symptom control
are the objectives of all hospice services. The goal of hospice care is
to enable the person who is terminally ill to enjoy life to the fullest.
Types of hospice care services provided depend on the patient's needs
and preferences. Research has shown that hospice care at home helps the
entire family. Family members are encouraged to take an active role in
providing supportive care to the patient.
more information about hospice and home care.