Renal Diseases and Conditions

Diseases of the kidney and urinary tract remain a major cause of illness and death in the United States. Problems with the kidneys may include conditions such as kidney failure, kidney stones, and kidney cancer. The kidneys and urinary system help to excrete waste products and also keep chemicals, such as potassium and sodium, and water in balance by removing a type of waste, called urea, from the blood. In addition to filtering waste from the blood and assisting in the balance of fluids and other substances in the body, the kidneys perform other vital functions. These include producing hormones that help to regulate blood pressure and heart function, producing corticosteroids that help to regulate kidney function and the body’s inflammatory response system, and assisting in converting vitamin D into a form that can be used by the body’s tissues.

A kidney transplant is recommended for people who have serious kidney dysfunction and will not be able to live without dialysis or a transplant. Some of the kidney diseases for which transplants are done include the following conditions. However, not all cases of the following diseases require kidney transplantation. Always consult your doctor for a diagnosis.

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