If you have more than one kind of bladder control problem, first your doctor will treat the one that bothers you the most. Then he or she will treat the other cause, if needed.
Your doctor may suggest things you can do at home, such as going to the bathroom at set times and completely emptying your bladder when you urinate.
It may also help to cut back on caffeine drinks, such as coffee, tea, or sodas.
Your doctor will ask you about your symptoms and habits, for example, how often you need to urinate, when you leak urine, how much fluid and what kinds of fluids you drink, and whether you have any other symptoms along with incontinence. Your answers will provide clues about the cause of your incontinence.
Most bladder control problems can be improved or cured. Treatment may include a variety of non-surgical options and surgical options, depending upon the type of incontinence and the severity. Some of these treatment options include:
Some people can reduce their symptoms of overactive bladder with lifestyle changes, fluid and diet modification, bladder retraining, Kegel exercises or other kinds of physical therapy.
Your doctor may prescribe medications to help control the symptoms of overactive bladder. Some of these medications focus on the muscles associated with bladder function.
Neurostimulation is a reversible treatment that can be discontinued at any time by turning off or removing the device. It sends mild electrical pulses to the sacral nerves. Located near the tailbone, the sacral nerves control the bladder and the muscles related to urinary function. If the brain and sacral nerves don’t communicate correctly, the nerves can’t tell the bladder to function properly. This communication problem can lead to symptoms of overactive bladder. Neurostimulation targets these symptoms by stimulating the sacral nerves with mild electrical pulses.
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