Kidney TransplantKidney Transplant Program Kidney transplant surgery has a high long-term success rate and is considered the best treatment for kidney failure. Patients generally require only 4-6 days of hospitalization for renal transplant surgery. Medicare, Medicaid, and most health insurance policies cover kidney transplant surgery, including costs associated with a living donor transplant. In order to be considered for kidney transplant, you must be individually evaluated. Once you are determined to be a candidate for transplant, you can receive a kidney either through a deceased donor or a living donor. There are several different types of living donation, and living donor transplant has a higher long-term success rate. Visit the Living Donor Institute for more information on the types of living donor transplant options.